Saturday, December 26, 2015

Roasted Stuffed Heart Mushroom

Time 1 hour
Serving : 8


8 large flat mushrooms
Olive oil
1 chopped onion
2 garlic cloves
1 large bunch spinach
1 cup low fat cheese
250 gms cottage cheese
1 tsp grated lemon
120 gm salad leaves
200 gm tomatoes
1 tbs vinegar

Trim mushroom stems and chop it finely.

Heat non stick pan and spray oil.

Add onion and cook it for 5 minutes.

Next add mushroom stem and cottage cheese. Cook until soft.

Next add garlic until aroma.

Place spinach.

Cover with boiling water.Keep aside for 30 minutes.

Squeeze out the excess of liquid.
Chop finely.
Stir in the onion mixture and lemon.

Add pepper seasoning.

Preheat oven to 180 degrees.
On baking tray place mushrooms.

Place mixture on mushrooms.
Cover with foil.Roast for 15 minutes.

Remove foil and roast until tender.
Serve hot.

Wednesday, December 2, 2015

What is the climate action plan at Paris conference COP21?

There is unanimous recognition of the threat.US has offered a 26-28% cut in green house gas emissions from 2005 levels by 2025,EU promises 40% cut by 2030,China says it will taper off after 2030,India has promised to lower emission by 33-35% of GDP from 2005 levels in 2030.Focus of conference will be on transparent reporting. Costs must be globally distributed will be insisted upon in Paris.

What are Red Blood Cells?

Red blood cells(erythrocytes) are biconcave discs. They have no nucleus. Their diameter is about 7 micrometers.Their main function is gas transport mainly oxygen. They also carry some carbon dioxide. The biconcavity increases their surface area for gas exchange. The thin central portion allows fast entry and exit of gases.The cells are flexible so they can squeeze through narrow capillaries. They contain no intracellular organelles thereby giving more room for haemoglobin (the large pigmented protein responsible for gas transport).

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Why taking lunch is necessary?

If you are working and don't take lunch in afternoon you can land in danger.Most working people think lunch time is a waste of time.According to doctors, not taking lunch on time increases weakness and it also affects mental health. If you don't take lunch you feel hungry and your body uses up stored energy. Therefore you feel lazy and you make mistakes when you work.When you don't take lunch disease risk increases.You eat junk food thus bringing diabetes,heart diseases ,infection(absence of nutrition) near you. 1 out of 3 working people do not take lunch.40% people eat chips while deskwork.

Monday, November 16, 2015

Terrorism and Paris

The terrorist attacks in Paris were horrific.
That an attack of such scale and ferocity could be mounted in Paris is shameful.Neither has France been very successful in integrating its Arabs and African Muslim population, who face problems of discrimination and unemployment. France tops the list of European countries whose citizens fight for IS.President Francois Holland's has proclaimed "pitiless" war against those responsible. But France must be careful not to lose sight of its basic democratic values in the process.Europe is facing the same problem as India.PM Modi has been crying from rooftops about coordinated international response to terrorism.

Friday, October 9, 2015

Definition of Time!

Very nice
Definition of TIME !?

Time is Slow when you wait!

Time is  Fast when you are late!

Time is Deadly when you are sad!

Time is Short when you are happy!

Time is Endless when you are in pain!

Time is Long when you feel bored!

Every time, time is determined by your feelings and your psychological conditions & not by clocks.

So Have A Nice Time Always....

Facebook's Dislike button in the form of emojis...

Facebook has finally unveiled its solution to peoples calls for a dislike button in the form of six new emoji, each representing their own feeling.
Mark Zuckerberg hinted last month that his site was looking to expand the Like button, making a way for people to communicate that they were upset by news. And the site is now rolling out its solution in the form of emojis that represent Love, Haha, Yay, Wow, Sad and Angry.
 Since Dislike could be used for bullying and might make users feel bad, the site was exploring ways for people to communicate that they were upset without being explicitly negative.
Facebooks way of doing that seems to be a series of expressive reactions, rather than exactly replicating the Like button. That button is still available, but the new buttons sit alongside the regular thumbs up as extra options.As with the Like button,
users will be able to see who reacted and how.

Without money and with money....

 Man O Man!
 When without money,
 eats vegetables at home;
 When has money,
 eats the same vegetables in a fine restaurant.

 When without money, rides bicycle;
 When has money rides the same ‘exercise machine’.

When without money walks to earn food
 When has money, walks to burn fat;

 Man O Man! Never fails to deceive thyself!

 When without money,
 wishes to get married;
 When has money,
 wishes to get divorced.

 When without money,
 wife becomes secretary;
 When has money,
 secretary becomes wife.

 When without money, acts like a rich man;
 When has money acts like a poor man.
 Man O Man! Never can tell the simple truth!

Says share market is bad,
 but keeps speculating;
 Says money is evil,
 but keeps accumulating.

 Says high Positions are lonely,
 but keeps wanting them.

 Says gambling & drinking is bad,
 but keeps indulging;

 Man O Man! Never means what he says and never says what he means..

Life is not about what
you couldn't do so far,
it's about what you can
still do.
Wait n dont ever give up..
Miracles happen every
Rs.20 seems too much
to give a beggar but it
seems okay when its
given as tip at a fancy

After a whole day of
work, Hours at the gym
seem alright but helping
your Mother out at home
seems like a burden.

Praying to god for 3 min
takes too much time but
watching a movie for 3
hours doesn't.

Wait a whole year for
Valentine's day but we
always forget Mother's

Two poor starving kids
sitting on the pavement
weren't given even a slice
of Bread but a painting of
them sold for lakhs of

Think about It..
Make a change. Coz u can ....
Six Easy ways to earn, even after death.

1) Give a smile or gift to someone.
Each time u gift or smile, it will make someone's day.....u gain.

2) Donate a wheelchair to a hospital. Each time sick person uses it, u gain.

3) Participate in building an orphanage, hospital, school or college.
Anybody uses it, u gain.

4) Place a water cooler in a public place. Anybody drinks water, u gain.

5) Plant a tree. Whenever a person, animal sits in its shade or eats from it, u gain.

6) And the easiest of all is to Share this message with people. Even if 1 applies any of the
above, u gain.

Thursday, October 8, 2015

Why do women live longer than men?

The average age of women is more than men.
According to studies,in the history of human beings,the average age of woman is 5% more than men. But why?
It was thought that men are subject to difficult situations, more work that is why men die earlier. But,today difference between men,women is disappearing,so the difference in age of a man and a woman should have also decreased,but statistics show that this is wrong.
According to research,now it is thought that the difference lies in the genetic structure of men and women.
Men have XY chromosome in their cell and women have XX chromosome. It means that women have an extra copy of each gene in their cells.Therefore, if something goes wrong in any gene,there is a spare for it.Men do not have this.
One other reason for this is that women heartbeat increases in second phase of periods(menses).This is like an exercise and because of this risk of heart diseases decreases.
  But the most important reason is hormone.
Men have testosterone hormone because of which their muscles are strong,their voice is different and they have moustaches.
Because of testosterone,their body during youth is strong,but with age their breakdown starts earlier too and is responsible for heart diseases. Whereas women have estrogen hormone, estrogen has the property of antioxidant, which stops old age problems.
     Why has nature done this injustice? Scientists say,that men's role is limited till women's pregnancy, after that women's role comes in.It is the woman who brings up a child and looks after the child.Therefore, woman's life is longer.

Sunday, October 4, 2015

Comparison of OSI and TCP/IP model

Both are based on the concept of a stack of independent protocols. Also,the functionality of layers is roughly similar.
3 concepts are central to OSI model:

1.Services-performs some services for the layer above it,tells what layer does.It defines the layer's semantics.

2.Interfaces-tells processes above it how to access it.

3.Protocols-layer's own business.

The protocols in the OSI model are better hidden than in the TCP/IP model and can be replaced relatively easily as the technology changes.
Data Link Layer originally dealt with point-to-point networks. The committee originally expected that each country would have one network, run by govt. and using OSI protocols, so no thought was given to internetworking.
With TCP/IP the reverse was true:the protocols came first and the model was just a description of existing protocols. The only trouble was that the model did not fit any other protocol sticks.
An obvious difference between the 2 models is the number of layers:the OSI model has 7 layers and the TCP/IP has 4 layers.Both have (inter)network, transport and application layers,but other layers are different.
The OSI model supports both connectionless and connection oriented communication in the network layer.The TCP/IP model has only one mode in the network layer (connectionless)but supports both modes in the transport layer,giving the users a choice.

Thursday, October 1, 2015

Gem Stones

Selection of appropriate gem stone is required for a happy and healthy life.
Gem stones may be auspicious or inauspicious. They act like vaccines in preventing diseases.Properties and compositions of precious gem stones are connected with the planets.
  Gem stones have mystical and divine powers.
Corals have protective charm for children.
Ruby acts as an antidote to poison.
Yellow Sapphire expedites delayed marriages of girls.
Kidney stones cure kidney troubles.
Certain gem stones have even the power of warning us of coming disasters by changing colors.
There are certain gem stones that should never be worn together.
Gem stones cure diseases and bring happiness, prosperity.

  Gems are beautiful stones with variety of colors and high density.Their lustre has been attracting people since time immemorial. These precious stones are found all around the world.
   Gem stones are not only attractive, they are also useful for health,fame,prosperity. Ancient kings and princes stored gem stones to add to treasury wealth.Noble ladies wore them to adorn their bodies. They had gem stones set in their jewelry.Some ladies have been blessed with a son after wearing them.Kings got splendid victories in battles after wearing them.Some patients got rid of diseases when they wore them.All this resulted in the gem stones being auspicious and inauspicious.
  Knowledge of using right gem stones at the right time is very helpful to achieve success in every day life.
  According to English Dictionary the meaning of word 'Gem' has been given as-'a precious stone when cut and polished'.
Thus Gem can be called as a thing of outstanding quality, class and beauty.
The rationale of the use of gem stones is to avert evil effect of planets  that is dependent on the colors and vibrations of the planets.Our ancients found that everything in the universe is sensitive of color.Every planet rules over a gem.The color of the planet is reflected on human body through the gem and creates an effect by absorption and reflection of rays and vibrations.The gem acts as filter and produces good or evil effect.
  All the planetary gem stones are highly sensitive and radioactive crystals and can filter out particular rays.Human body is a combination of chemicals,minerals and its proficiency in the body is according to cosmic rays received from planets.The same rays act differently on different individuals because of different human constitutions.It is similar to electricity that works differently on different mechanical equipments giving different effects.
  What is allotted cannot be taken out easily from the shape of constitution but the allotments can be adjusted and evil influences checked by appropriate gem stones.
Energy is nothing but another form of element in wave and ray form.These rays contain all particles of chemicals.The gem stones pick up particular ray wave and transmit it into body where they are transformed into chemicals.As such body starts functioning in right way physically and mentally.
Gem stones are store house of energy that give rise to constructive vibrations against diseases.Malefic power released by the planets is negative whereas power of gem stone
is positive. When negative meet positive, their effect is neutralized.
  Sun's gem is Ruby,Moon's is white Pearl,Mar's is Red Coral,of Mercury is Emerald,Jupiter's is Yellow Sapphire.
  In Western countries, it is very common to wear lucky gem stones.
According to meeting of Jewellers in 1912 in Kansas City,USA,the birth stones are as follows:
Month of birth  Birth stone
Jan.          Garnet
Feb.          Amethyst
Mar.          Aquamarine
April.          Diamond
May.          Emerald
June          Pearl
July.          Ruby
Aug.          Perodot
Sep.          Sapphire
Oct.           Opal,Tourmaline
Nov.          Topaz
Dec.          Turquoise

In West,people wear gem stones according to sees of week:

Sunday - Ruby
Monday - Pearl or Opal
Tuesday - Bloodstone or Amethyst
Wednesday - Jade or Agate
Thursday -Emerald or Sapphire
Friday - Turquoise
Saturday – Onyx

Medicinal use of Gem stones

Ruby-suppresses excess of wind,bile and phlegm in the body.They give relief in and cure tuberculosis,colic pain,eye diseases,leprosy.

Pearl-It is beneficial in diseases caused by deficiency of calcium in the body.

Coral-Coral bhasma is effective and curative medicine for coughs,fever and jaundice.

White Sapphire-gives relief in vomiting.

Diamond-Diamond bhasma gives relief and cures TB,insane imaginations,diabetes,anaemia.

Opal-has curative value for fevers.

Amber-gives relief in colics.

Tourmaline-cures jaundice,fever,breathing troubles

Tuesday, September 8, 2015

Toothpick City

He took 6 years to build a city with toothpicks.
He used 6 million toothpicks and 170 liters of glue.
It can take 6 months to build one building; some of the time standing on ladders. He works at the museum of Science and Technology in Syracuse , New York .

His name is Stan Munro.He is 38 years old. Have a look at his creations.
He has been called the most patient man in the world.

Saturday, August 15, 2015

Time is running out.Post your comment for free Internet on,last date 15 August, 2015

 The Indian government is inviting responses to the draft report that the Department of Telecommunications released on the issue of net neutrality.

The responses will help the government to take appropriate decision on the issue as these will also be considered along with the TRAIs suggestions following a consultation process.

 The deadline to submit the comments is 15 August 2015 so citizens have less than 24 hours to make their voice heard.

The process has been moved to a forum, part of the governments governance portal. To submit comments on net neutrality, citizens need to first register on the website, sign-in, go to the net neutrality page and submit their response.

It is emphasized that the views expressed in the report are that of the Committee and not of the Government. Your valuable comments, wide scale consultations, as also the report of the TRAI will help the Government to take appropriate decision on the issue. Through this forum of My Gov, we invite valuable comments and suggestions on the report and recommendations before 15th August, 2015.

Steps :

-Go to

-scroll down.Go to bottom of page.You will find Activities written.

-In Activities,there is a  Discuss button.Below discuss button is written 'group centric and national theme'.Click Discuss.

-In the page that appears at the bottom of page is 'Trending'

-Below Trending,1st option is
'Give your Comments or Suggestions on Recommendations of Committee on Net Neutrality'
Click that.

-Click 'login to post comment'.

-give login password.

-Post comment.

Thursday, August 13, 2015

Thursday, August 6, 2015

TCP/IP model-Application Layer and other layers and Features TCP/IP


Application Layer

On top of the transport layer is the application layer.It contains all the higher level protocols. The early ones included virtual terminal (TELNET), FTP,and electronic mail(SMTP),Domain Name System (DNS),NNTP,HTTP.

Host-to-Network Layer
Here the host has to connect to n/w using some protocol so it can send IP packets to it.

Features of TCP/IP

1)File Transfer-FTP,RCP(Remote Copy)

2)Terminal Enuilation-Telnet & rlogin.

3)Transparent distributed file access and sharing-NFS(Network File System)

4)Remote command execution-rsh(remote shell) & rexec(remote execution) programs, users can run programs on remote computers and see the results on their own computer.

5)Remote Printing-unix command lpr provides remote printing services.

Next coming up Comparison of OSI and TCP/IP Reference Models

Saturday, August 1, 2015

The Transport Layer(TCP/IP model)


The layer above the internet layer is the transport layer.It is designed to allow peer entities on source and destination hosts to carry on a conversation just as in OSI transport layer. Two end to end transport protocols have been defined here.
The first one TCP(Transmission Control Protocol) is a reliable connection oriented protocol that allows a byte stream originating on 1 machine to be delivered without error on any other machine on internet.
TCP also handle flow control to make sure a fast server cannot swamp a slow receiver.
The second protocol,UDP,(User Datagram Protocol) is an unreliable,connectionless protocol for applications that do not want TCP's sequencing or flow control and wish to provide their own.It is widely used for one shot,client-server type request-reply queries and applications in which prompt delivery is more important than accurate delivery such as transmitting speech or video.


Saturday, July 25, 2015

TCP/IP Reference Model

This model used in the grandparent of all wide area computer n/ws,the ARPANET, and its successor,the worldwide Internet.
DoD did not want conversation to be broken off. DoD wanted connection to remain intact as long as source and destination were functioning. A flexible architecture was needed.The architecture later became known as TCP/IP Reference model,after its 2 primary protocols.

The Internet Layer

Packet switching n/w based on a connectionless internetwork layer.This layer called the Internet Layer.
The analogy is with the (snail) mail system. Most of them will be delivered to the correct address in the destination country.
The Internet layer defines an official packet format and Protocol called IP(Internet Protocol). The job of internet layer is to deliver IP packets where they are supposed to go.Packet routing is the major issue,as is avoiding congestion. TCP/IP internet layer is similar in functionality to OSI n/w layer.

Saturday, July 18, 2015

OSI model-Session Layer,Presentation Layer,Application Layer


5)The Session Layer
This layer allows users on different machines to establish sessions between them.
Session offer various services including dialog control,token management and synchronization.

6)The Presentation Layer
This layer is concerned with the syntax and semantics of the information transmitted. The presentation layer manages these abstract data structures and allows higher level data structures (eg.banking records) to be defined and exchanged.

7)Application Layer
This layer contains a variety of protocols that are commonly needed by users.One widely used application protocol is HTTP,which is the basis for the World Wide Web.

Next coming up TCP/IP Model..

Wednesday, July 15, 2015

OSI model-Network Layer,Transport Layer


Network Layer
This layer controls the operation of the subnet,how packets are routed from source to destination.
If too many packets are present, such congestion is controlled by network layer.
n/w layer allows heterogeneous n/ws to be interconnected.

Transport Layer
The basic function of the transport layer is to accept data from above,split it up into smaller units if need be,pass these to n/w layer and ensure that pieces all arrive correctly at the other end.
The transport layer is a true end-to-end layer,air the way from source to destination.
The difference between layer1 through 3,which are chained and layers4 through 7,which are end-to-end.

To be continued..

Tuesday, July 14, 2015

OSI model

The OSI model has 7 layers:

The Physical Layer
Physical layer is concerned with transmitting raw bits over a communication channel. The design issues here largely deal with mechanical,electrical & timing interfaces and physical transmission medium.

2.The Data Link Layer
This layer transform a raw transmission facility into a line that appears free of undetected transmission errors to the network layer.In the data link layer a fast transmitter from drowning a slow receiver in data.Frequently, this flow regulation and error handling are integrated. In the data link layer, in broadcast n/w how to control access to the shared channel. A special sublayer of the data link layer, medium Access control sublayer, deals with this problem.


Reference Models

2 important n/w architectures:
The OSI reference model
& TCP/IP reference model

Although the protocols associated with the OSI model are rarely used any more,the model itself is general and still valid,and the features at each layer are still very important.
The TCP/IP model, the model itself is not of much use but the protocol are widely used.

OSI Model
OSI model is based on ISO as a first step toward international standardization of the protocols used in various layers.It deals with connecting open system-systems that are open for communication with other systems. The OSI model has 7 layers.

To be continued..

Tuesday, July 7, 2015

WEIRD Things are Happening RIGHT NOW!

Underwater Waterfall

 A drastic dip in the ocean’s depth near Mauritius creates the Underwater Waterfall illusion. 

Monday, July 6, 2015



Hubs/repeaters are used to connect together 2 or more Ethernet segments of Amy media type.In larger designs,signal quality begins to deteriorate as segments exceed their maximum length. Hubs provide signal amplification required to allow a segment to be extended a greater distance. A hub takes any incoming signal and repeats it out -all ports.
    Ethernet hubs are necessary in star topologies as IOBaseT.A very important fact to note about hub us that they only allow users to share Ethernet.
Hubs are mandatory in IOBaseT twisted pair Ethernet as well as Token Ring n/ws.They are also used to replace the daisy chain cabling in 10Base 5 and 10Base2 coaxial Ethernets in order to improve n/w management.

  In Token Rings,the hub is called a MAU(multi-station Access Unit).
   There are 3 types of hubs:
Passive hub: simply combines the signals of n/w segments. There is no signal processing of regeneration.

Active hub: are like passive hub except that they have electronic components that regenerate or amplify signals.

Intelligent hub: In addition to signal regeneration, intelligent hubs perform some n/w management and intelligent path selection.

Saturday, July 4, 2015



Gateways operate at the top layers of OSI model.You select a gateway when you have to interconnect systems built on totally different communications architectures. You would use a gateway to interconnect a TCP/IP LAN to an SNA mainframe, eg.,the 2 architectures have no commonalities, so the gateway must translate the data passing between the 2 systems.
    Gateway is a computer that performs protocol conversion between different types of n/ws or applications. Eg.,a gateway can convert a TCP/IP packet to a NetWare IPX packet and vice versa,or from AppleTalk to DEC net,from SNA to AppleTalk and so on.
   Gateways function at layer 4 and above in OSI model.
An electronic mail,or messaging, gateway converts messages between 2 different messaging protocols.

Next: Hub

Thursday, July 2, 2015



Router is a device that forwards data packets from 1 LAN or WAN  to another. Based on routing tables and routing protocols, routers read the n/w address in each transmitted frame and make a decision on how to send it based on the mostexpidient route(traffic load,line costs,speed,bad lines etc).Routers work at layer 3 whereas bridges and switches work at layer 2.
Multiprotocol routers support several protocols as IP,IPX,AppleTalk and DECnet.
Router functions can also be implemented by adding routing s/w to a file server.NetWare,Operating System includes routing s/w.
In older Novell terminology,a router is a n/w layer bridge.Routers also used to be called gateways.

Brouter-is a router that can also bridge.If the brouter does not support the protocol of the packet it is using or cannot deliver the packet based on protocol information, it bridges the packet using the physical address.

Next: Gateways

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Bridges in depth


Bridges are also called store and forward devices because they look at the whole Ethernet packet before making filtering or forwarding decisions. If the segment are same,the packet is dropped (filtered).If the segments are different then the packet is forwarded to the correct segment.
A Spanning Tree Algorithm is a software standard for describing how switches and bridges can communicate to avoid n/w loops.
    We cannot use bridge to connect LANs of different type and protocols because each n/w type uses different physical addressing.

Transparent Bridge-in which the host stations are unaware of their existence in the n/w.
Ethernet uses this type of bridge ,also called as adaptive bridge.

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Awesome Vegetable Shapes

Blue eyes of 8 month old Egypt and 20 month old Ellie's climbing walls videos went viral

1) 100,000 likes and 100,000 followers for Egypt's Blue Eyes.


Meet Egypt baby who has beautiful Blue eyes.
 Blue eyes of 8 month old Egypt from Brisbane are ruling hearts on Facebook.


She has racked up 100,000  likes and has 100,000 followers on Facebook already.

2) 20 month old Ellie's videos become viral.She can climb walls when she is only 20 months old.


Ellie's parents,Rachel and Zak Farmer are competitive climbers.Zak says,"When she was first opening her eyes,she was at the gym,seeing climbers climb.

Monday, June 29, 2015

Free Traffic Exchange sites for Blogs,Websites(update: Rankings)

What does Free Traffic Exchange mean?

Suppose you have a blog/website you want others to see,others have a blog or website they want you to see.
What really happens in Traffic Exchange is-They visit your site,you see their website/blog.
Result is-more free quality traffic to your website,also improving sales by advertising. More free quality traffic will help your business.

Traffic Exchange sites are listed below:

1) easyhits4U
3) TrafficG
4) HitSafari
5) TrafficSwirl
6) HitLink
7) WebMasterQuest
8) QualityPageViews
9) TezakTrafficPower
10) ClickVoyager
11) Soaring4Traffic

Traffic Exchange Ranking(

100% Independent Statistical Testing since 2002

Ist Join-Focus Ist Here!

Hit2Hit            #1 Ranking
TrafficSwirl   #2 Ranking
EasyHits4U     #3 Ranking

2nd Join-Next Focus Here!

TezakTrafficPower      #4 Ranking
HitLink                           #5 Ranking
HitSafari                         #6 Ranking

3rd Join-Focus Here Too!

TrafficAdBar                #7 Ranking
Souring4Traffic           #8 Ranking
TrafficSplash                #9 Ranking
Hits4Surfers                 #10 Ranking

Sunday, June 28, 2015

More about Bridge..


Bridge cont'd

Bridge is a device that connects 2 LAN segments together, which may be of similar or dissimilar types, such as Ethernet and Token Ring.
    A bridge is inserted into a n/w to segment it and keep traffic contained within the segments to improve performance.
   Bridges learn from experience and build and maintain address tables.By monitoring which station acknowledge receipt of address, they learn which nodes belong to the segment.
    Bridges work at the data link layer(MAC) whereas routers work at the n/w layer.
    Bridges are protocol independent, routers are protocol dependent.
Bridges are faster than routers.Bridges with more than 2 ports perform a switching function.

Next:Bridges continued

Thursday, June 25, 2015



Repeater is a communications device that amplifies the data signal in order to extend the transmission distance. Repeaters work at layer 1 of the OSI model.


Bridges connect 2 n/ws that use the same technology (eg. Ethernet and ARCNET).
The use of bridge increases maximum possible size of n/w.
Unlike a repeater which simply passes all signals it receives ,a bridge selectively determine the appropriate segment to which it should pass a signal. It does this by reading the address of all the signals it receives.The bridge reads the physical location of the source and destination computer from this address.


Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Pope Francis speaks on Climate Change

Source: The New York Times and Economic Times

Pope Francis forcefully urges action to combat climate change, criticizing the sale of "carbon credits".
Confronting the climate crisis will require a deeper, spiritual transformation of society, replacing consumption with sacrifice, greed with generosity, wastefulness with a spirit of sharing."
The central idea in all these programs-from Emission Trading System in Europe to carbon tax adopted in the Canadian province of British Columbia-is to put a price on Carbon,so that all businesses and consumers are charged for the environmental consequences of their actions.
Pope Francis agrees that "the economic resources and social costs of using up shared environmental resources" must be fully borne by those who incur them".
Pope Francis endorses the principle of "polluter pays".
For countries that rely on nuclear power,like France ,or burn very little coal,reducing green house gas emissions is enormously costly.By contrast,China can achieve reductions at a small fraction of cost.
    PM of India, Narendra Modi wants to assert green credentials of India ahead of key global summit on climate change in Paris later this year.The French will be lending strong support.
Modi will co-launch a book on the urgent need for protecting the environment with French President Francois Holland's to make the point.
The aim of the 2015 Paris Climate Conference, in which 196 countries are participating, is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, in order to limit global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius.
Modi govt. is emphasizing India's commitment to the cause by initiatives on solar and wind power, environment friendly life style choices. It also pointed out that developed nations cannot escape their responsibility.

Network Connecting Devices

Previous:Wireless N/ws

Network Connecting Devices

1)Network Interface Card

Network Interface Card(NIC)
It is also known as Network adapter.It is a printed circuit board that plugs into both the clients and servers and controls the exchange of data between them.
The network adapter provides service at the data link level of the n/w,which is also known as the access method (OSI layers 1 and 2).The most common n/w adapters are Ethernet and Token Ring.The Ethernet adapter ,sometimes is built into the motherboard eg.Local Talk.
A transmission medium ,interconnects all the adapters in the network.

Amphibia-Arboreal Forms

Previous: Burrowing Form

A number of animals are adapted to Arborial habitats and are called tree frog eg. some species of Rana,Rhacophorus,Hyla etc.They belong to different families. They have certain modifications for clinging on trees and climbing purpose.
1)They have adhesive or sucking disc at end of digits.
2)They develop opposable toes.
3)Their eggs develop mostly inside large eggs.


Sunday, June 21, 2015

Where does Social Media lie?

Online Social Media presence

Social Media reach is deepening in particular sectors of population. In rural India social media adoption grew 100% according to a recent report released by Internet and Media Association of India in conjunction with market research agency IMRB.

The typical social media user in India today is male,urban and uses Facebook at Home according to the report.

Usage of social media in urban India has grown by 35% to reach 118 million users.

Usage of social media in rural India has grown by 100% to reach 25 million users over the last one year.

Across India-
56% of the online population uses social media.

61% of social media users are college students and men aged 21-35.

61% access social media on a mobile device.

75% access social media at home,18% in the office,18% on the phone/tablet.

96% social media users are on Facebook, 61% on Google+,43% on Twitter, 24% on Linkedln.

Source:IAMAI-IMRB Annual Social Media Report

Saturday, June 20, 2015

Know about Fathers Day,why we celebrate it!

The origin of Father's Day is not clear. Some say that it began with a church service in West Virginia in 1908. Others say the first Father's Day ceremony was held in Vancouver, Washington.
The president of the Chicago branch of the Lions' Club, Harry Meek, is said to have celebrated the first Father's Day with his organization in 1915; and the day that they chose was the third Sunday in June, the closest date to Meek's own birthday!

Regardless of when the first true Father's Day occurred, the strongest promoter of the holiday was Mrs. Bruce John Dodd of Spokane, Washington. Mrs. Dodd felt that she had an outstanding father. He was a veteran of the Civil War. His wife had died young, and he had raised six children without their mother.
The United States is one of the few countries in the world that has an official day on which fathers are honored by their children. On the third Sunday in June, fathers all across the United States are given presents, treated to dinner or otherwise made to feel special. .

The origin of Father's Day is not clear. Some say that it began with a church service in West Virginia in 1908. Others say the first Father's Day ceremony was held in Vancouver, Washington.

The president of the Chicago branch of the Lions' Club, Harry Meek, is said to have celebrated the first Father's Day with his organization in 1915; and the day that they chose was the third Sunday in June, the closest date to Meek's own birthday!

Regardless of when the first true Father's Day occurred, the strongest promoter of the holiday was Mrs. Bruce John Dodd of Spokane, Washington. Mrs. Dodd felt that she had an outstanding father. He was a veteran of the Civil War. His wife had died young, and he had raised six children without their mother.

In 1909, Mrs. Dodd approached her own minister and others in Spokane about having a church service dedicated to fathers on June 5, her father's birthday. That date was too soon for her minister to prepare the service, so he spoke a few weeks later on June 19th. From then on, the state of Washington celebrated the third Sunday in June as Father's Day. Children made special desserts, or visited their fathers if they lived apart.

States and organizations began lobbying Congress to declare an annual Father's Day.

The United States is one of the few countries in the world that has an official day on which fathers are honored by their children. On the third Sunday in June, fathers all across the United States are given presents, treated to dinner or otherwise made to feel special. .

The origin of Father's Day is not clear. Some say that it began with a church service in West Virginia in 1908. Others say the first Father's Day ceremony was held in Vancouver, Washington

The president of the Chicago branch of the Lions' Club, Harry Meek, is said to have celebrated the first Father's Day with his organization in 1915; and the day that they chose was the third Sunday in June, the closest date to Meek's own birthday!

Regardless of when the first true Father's Day occurred, the strongest promoter of the holiday was Mrs. Bruce John Dodd of Spokane, Washington. Mrs. Dodd felt that she had an outstanding father. He was a veteran of the Civil War. His wife had died young, and he had raised six children without their mother.

In 1909, Mrs. Dodd approached her own minister and others in Spokane about having a church service dedicated to fathers on June 5, her father's birthday. That date was too soon for her minister to prepare the service, so he spoke a few weeks later on June 19th. From then on, the state of Washington celebrated the third Sunday in June as Father's Day. Children made special desserts, or visited their fathers if they lived apart.

States and organizations began lobbying Congress to declare an annual Father's Day.

In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson approved of this idea, but it was not until 1924 when President Calvin Coolidge made it a national event to "establish more intimate relations between fathers and their children and to impress upon fathers the full measure of their obligations." Since then, fathers had been honored and recognized by their families throughout the country on the third Sunday in June.

When children can't visit their fathers or take them out to dinner, they send a greeting card. Traditionally, fathers prefer greeting cards that are not too sentimental. Most greeting cards are whimsical so fathers laugh when they open them. Some give heartfelt thanks for being there whenever the child needed Dad.

Thursday, June 18, 2015

Wireless Networks cont'd

Previous: Wireless LANs

3)Wireless WANs
The radio n/w used for cellular telephones is an example of a low bandwidth wireless system.This system has gone through 3 generations-
1)First generation-analog & voice only
2)Second generation-digital & for voice only
3)Third generation-digital & is for both voice & data

Wireless LANs can operate at 50 Mbps.
Cellular system operate at about 1 Mbps.
Wireless internet service is often called local multipoint distribution service eg.mts
Almost all wireless n/ws hook up to the wired n/w at some point to provide access to files,databases & the internet.
Many n/ws exist in the world,often with different h/w & s/w.
The fulfillment of this desire requires that different & frequently incompatible n/ws be connected by means of machines called gateways to make the connection and provide the necessary translation, both in terms of h/w and s/w called internetwork or internet.
If the system within the gray area contains only routers it is a subnet.
If it contains both routers & hosts it is a WAN.
As an analogy,the telephone system consists of telephone switching offices connected to one another by high speed lines & to houses & business by low speed lines.
These lines and equipment,owned and managed by telephone company form the subnet of telephone system.

Next:Network Connecting Devices

If you are born in October-November you are more susceptive to diseases

Researchers have found that people born in October are more susceptive to respiration related diseases,but they have less dangers of heart diseases.
This research related to disease and birth month was carried out on 17.5 lakh patient records in Columbia University Medical Centre from 1985 to 2013(28 years).

Wednesday, June 17, 2015

Diabetes patients should take extra care during Roza

1)Dr A K Tiwari said that diabetes patients should take sahri during Ramzan.
In sahri eat light food as multigrain dalia,oats,fruits and salad of vegetables. Drink water and liquids as butter milk,juice of fibrous fruits. No medicine should be taken in sahri.

2)Meet Doctor if sugar is low
Glucose drip and sugar test do not affect diabetic patient. Immediately see a doctor if sugar is low.

3)Avoid deep fried food
Sugar becomes high in diabetic patients after aftaar.During aftaar food habits are irregular. Avoid fried foods.

4)Always test your sugar
Diabetics should regularly test sugar during Roza.Test your sugar 2-3 times in a day so that you have a pick on your body health.
Regularly take your medicine of diabetes.

Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Baby born without nose is so cute

When Brandi McGlathery held her newborn son for the first time, she saw a perfect baby, "..he had five fingers on each hand and five toes on his tiny feet, nothing was missing, except for his nose."

Although he struggled a bit, Eli took to breathing through his month naturally even while breastfeeding.

Eli was born on March 4, 2015 and was immediately taken to USA Children's and Women's Hospital in Mobile, Alabama, so doctors could give him a tracheotomy to help him eat without struggling for breath.

McGlathery says everyday she and her boyfriend, Eli's dad, Troy Thompson are sure to clean his tracheotomy and keep it infection free. They're hoping in the future he can get reconstruction surgery to build a nose.

Sunday, June 14, 2015

What you should not do to your Teeth

It is thought that brushing teeth with turmeric (brush immersed in turmeric powder) cleans teeth.
Reality-By doing so your teeth may loose shine.According to dentists,things that leave spot on white clothes will also leave spot on teeth.

Banana Peel
It is thought that high potassium, magnesium & manganese in banana help remove spots on teeth,that is why teeths shine by rubbing  inside part of banana peel.
Reality-Spots on the surface of teeth may be removed by rubbing banana peel but peel will not reach enamel, therefore teeth will not clean properly.

Coconut Oil
It is thought that rubbing teeth with coconut oil for 20 minutes in the morning is an ayurvedic way of cleaning teeth.
Reality-There is no scientific basis for rubbing teeth with oil cleans teeth and removes bacteria.

Cleaning teeth by immersing toothbrush in a ripeashed strawberry brings shine to teeth in only 2 weeks.
Reality-Strawberry has citric acid,which can reduce hardness of the surface of teeth.Malic acid in strawberry cleans teeth.
It is used for clean and shiny teeth.Choose a ripe strawberry and mash it on your teeth.

Wireless LANs

Previous: Wireless Networks

2)In Wireless LANs,if the systems are close enough, they can communicate directly with one another in a peer to peer configuration. Wireless LANs are common in small offices and homes.There is a standard for wireless LANs called IEEE 802.11
Wireless LANs are systems in which every computer has a radio modem and antenna with which it can communicate with other system.


Thursday, June 11, 2015

Yoga Day Drill totalling 35 minutes!

The world is observing June 21 as International Yoga Day.At least 177 countries will participate in a 35 minute programme that has been devised for the purpose.
35 minute Yoga Day event is as follows:

Vedic Prayer    2 minutes

Loosening exercises    5 minutes

Simple Asanas    15 minutes

Closing prayer    2 minutes

Meditation     5 minutes

Sankalp/pledge    1 minute

Pranayam    5 minutes

Drink lots of Water in Summer!

Try avoiding going out in scorching heat from office or home.Wear full sleeve clothes to protect yourselffrom heat rays.There is a danger of headache,diarrhea, stomach or pilia related diseases in this weather.You can also get a heat stroke or brain stroke in this weather.There can be urinary tract infections etc in this weather if you don't drink lots of water.Instead of fast food eat seasonal fruits.

Eat cucumber (kheera),indium(kakdi)
Eat balanced food in summers.Ayurveda specialist Sanjay Singh says we should take lots of liquid diet in summers.Drink watermelon squash in summer.It facilitates digestion. Drink poppy seed squash.

Instead of Wood Apple(bel)squash eat Wood Apple pulp
Dr Rajesh Yadav of Ayurveda College says instead of drinking Wood Apple squash,eating Wood Apple is more advantageous. Regular eating of this fruit eliminates danger from hot winds(loo).Drink butter milk before going out.
Sattu(Desi Horlicks in Bihar) should be taken at least once in a day.It gives coolness.

Try avoiding open food
Dr Vimal Tiwari of Ayurveda Institute says we should not eat open food in summers to avoid diseases.Sugarcane juice may be harmful. Fruit juices sold in open should not be taken to avoid diseases.

Wednesday, June 10, 2015

Sleep well if you want to live a long life!

Sleep at least 7 to 8 hours.Don't take anything to your heart.In hard times also,try to smile. Physically, be active and keep distance from people by whom you feel stressed. Naturopathy specialist of Australia, Barbara has suggested this based on her study.
    Sleeping less is the root cause of all diseases.Memory and logical capability decreases,depression,high BP,heart disease is caused by lack of sleep.
Sleep on silk pillow if you want deep sleep.Sleep on thin,soft bed mattresses.Put thick curtains on window.
Worry is like Death
There can be many reasons for stress.It is required that we sit alone and think of about importance of things causing stress.Is it okay to take so much stress for that thing.
    Barbara has suggested to lower burden of household related issues with partner.

Make good Friends
    If friends don't have ability to come out of problems ,keep distance from them.Otherwise negative thoughts can surround you in your mind.To live a stress free life friends and relations are necessary. Don't cut yourself from society. Try to increase your friend circle.

Exercise Daily
Don't stick to your chair all day.This increase fat,type-2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke. After 25 years,every hour on chair decreases life rate by 22 minutes. Therefore, exercise for at least 30 minutes daily.

Monday, June 8, 2015

Dabur Honey has loads of Lead!!!!

Also these commercially produced honeys have high levels of antibiotics, including the ones banned.
    And did you know that the famous "health enhancer" dabur honey has loads of lead! A study done by Consumer Voice magazine in 2009 found lead content to be three times more than the permissible limits!

Wireless Networks


Wireless n/w can be divided into 3 main categories-

1)System interconnection
2)Wireless LANs
3)Wireless WANs

System interconnection
It is all about interconnecting the components of a computer using short-range radio.
Some companies got together to design a short-range wireless n/w called Bluetooth to connect these components without wires.
Bluetooth also allows digital cameras,headsets,scanners and other devices to connect to a computer by merely being brought within range.
System interconnection n/w use the master slave paradigm. The system unit is normally the master,talking to the mouse,keyboard as slaves.
The master tells the slaves what addresses to use,when they can broadcast ,how long they can transmit, what frequencies they can use etc.

Next: Wireless LANs

Sunday, June 7, 2015

Wide Area Network cont'd


The collection of communication lines and routers form the subnet.When a packet is sent from 1 router to another via 1 or more intermediate routers,the packet is received at each intermediate router in its entirety, stored until required output line is free and then forwarded.A subnet organized according to this principal is called a store and forward packet switched subnet.
When packet are small and all the same size,they are often called cells.
Packet travelling bearing number in the sequence.
Not all WANs are packet switched. A second possibility for a WAN is a satellite system.
Each router has an antenna through which it can send and receive.All routers can hear the output from satellites.

Next: Wireless Network

Friday, June 5, 2015

Habitat and Adaptation in Amphibia cont'd- Burrowing Forms

Burrowing Forms:

They are found mostly in order Apoda and some other amphibians (Anurans).Apodans are highly specialized for burrowing habit and have following features:

1)Vermiform bodies.
2)Compact bony roofed skull.
3)Absence of limbs.
4)Presence of reduced eyes usually hidden in skin.
5)Presence of some special structure to dig burrow.
6)Dull colored skin.

Next:Arboreal Forms

Thursday, June 4, 2015

Yam(Jimikand) treats Piles,here is a Yam recipe and its many Health benefits

Crispy Elephant Yam(Jimikand or Suran)
It is also called elephant foot yam as it resembles elephant foot.

Peel Yam.Cut it into 1/2 inch thick pieces.

Put it in a steamer.Sprinkle salt,turmeric and mango powder on both sides.Steam for 15 minutes. When cooked,take it out in a plate.

Make batter.

2 tbsp  rice flour
1tbsp  besan(gram flour)
Salt to taste
Turmeric  1/2 tsp
Red chilli powder according to taste
Crushed garlic  1/4 tsp

Make thick paste of these ingredients by water(batter)

Dip pieces in batter and deep fry.

Serve crisp yams.Delicious.

Jimikand or Suran or Elephant Yam is-

1)Widely used for treatment of persons suffering from piles problem.

2)It is also used for treatment of ulcers,worm infestation, indigestion, diarrhoea, rheumatism, urinary problems and dysentery.

3)It is commercially used to prepare some synthetic steroids and contraceptive drugs.

4)It has anti aging properties and induces immune system function.

5)It enhances red blood cell production.

6)It contains good amount of protein, thus helps build muscles and strengthen bones.

7)It has special health benefits for women as it increases estrogen hormone level in the body as well as maintains other hormonal balance.

8) It promotes weight loss by reducing bad cholesterol level in the blood so can be eaten by weight conscious people.

9)It has cooling effect to body and provides relief to people with hypertension.

10)Its richness in omega-3-fatty acid helps reduce bad cholesterol level and increasing good cholesterol level.

11)Suran has anti coagulating properties preventing unnecessary blood clotting.


1)It should not be eaten raw as it contains some toxic substances (dioscorine,tri-terpenes,diosgenin etc) which may lead to some health issues.

2)It should be avoided by people suffering from sinus infections,chronic cold,asthma.

3)It should be consulted by the doctor to eat suran by women during pregnancy or breast feeding.

    It should be cooked after peeling the cover to remove bitter proteins and irritant oxalate crystals.

Wednesday, June 3, 2015

A prehistoric sauropod dinosaur vertebra discovered!

A prehistoric 15 kg vertebra has been found to belong to oldest sauropod (long necked,long tailed,tiny headed) dinosaur discovered in the UK,according to scientists ."Alan",the 176 million year old dinosaur has beaten cetiosaurus,previously Britain's oldest sauropod,by about 5 million years,thus has broken a record that had stood since 1841,before dinosaur term was coined.Alan was named after its discovers Alan Gurr,a forensic scientist and amateur geologist. Alan weighs between 20 and 30 tonnes,and is one of the largest land animals ever to have walked on earth.

Tuesday, June 2, 2015

American Thompson has donated 1 lakh dollar for fight against cancer.She is the oldest woman to complete the Marathon at 92years 65days!

American Harriette Thompson runs and wins Marathon at 92 years for a social cause-donate collected money for cancer research

Harriette Thompson is 92 years 65 days and is oldest woman to complete the marathon.She broke record of Gladys Burril who is 92 years 19 days.
Thompson is fastest runner who finished Marathon in 7:24:36 hours.
AmericanHarriette Thompson ran the rock 'n' roll Marathon in San Diego in 7 hours,24 minutes and 36 seconds on Sunday.
She is oldest woman and survivor of 3 bouts of oral cancer who ran 26 miles 395 yards in 7 hours 24 minutes.
Thompson told,"once a church member said he would participate in Marathon to collect donations for fight against cancer.At that time I had lost many members of my family because of cancer. I thought I should participate in Marathon. I had only thought of walking when I first participated in the marathon at 76 years of age but when I saw other members running, I too began to run.I thought to myself that it is not certain whether I will be able to participate in it next year.
Thompson told,'I was not able to prepare for it this time as my husband was ill.I had to spend time with him.He died in January. I am very excited that I have finished the marathon. I feel very good for collecting money for donation to cancer research.

Monday, June 1, 2015

Are cold foods comfortable or hot foods during Summer?

There is a belief that hot foods eg. piping hot coffee,tea,soups are efficacious in summer because they induce perspiration which leaves the person feeling cooler.This is a myth.Taking hot foods to reduce body temperature will not only make you uncomfortable because of the heat but the sweat makes you feel worse.
Cold foods should be eaten,yes as well as no.While cold beverages and salads are comfortable in consuming, food that has been kept aside for many hours at room temperature might harbour bacteria.Food borne illnesses are an all time high in summer.The danger zone for rapid multiplication of bacteria is 4 to 60 degrees Celsius.
Spicy foods are also believed to be beneficial in beating heat.Though this is not true,spicy foods can get the gastric juices flowing and improve appetite in summer.Some Asian cuisines have spicy soups served cold-double benefit perhaps.
    Summer foods need to give energy and hydration.
Load yourself with water filled varieties of fruits and vegetables. Eat plenty of gourd and leafy veggies-bottle gourd,ridge gourd,snake gourd,mint..
Enjoy melons,tomatoes,mangoes and other summer fruits.Drink coconut water,lime juice,buttermilk.
Use sprouts as they are high in moisture content.
Drink lots of water.
Avoid fatty foods eg.fries,meat as they are difficult to digest.
Caffeinated beverages and alcohol are dehydrating.

Sunday, May 31, 2015

Insurance of Life,Desi Cow's milk!

Insure your Life by Desi Cow's Milk!

Desi cow milk protects us from deadly diseases, Exotic (foreign) breed of cows has genes which increase elements of disease.This has come out from the research work done by AS Trusvel of Biochemistry dept. of Human Nutrition Unit University.

There is a lot of protein in Indian Cow's Milk
Milk has Beta-Casein protein which is of a1 & a2 type.a1 protein is harmful to health,whereas a2 protein is good for health. According to AS Trusvel Indian cow breeds(Tharparker,Gangatiri,Sahiwal,Haryana etc) genes have a2.
Exotic cows(Holstein Freezon and Jersey) have a1 genes which increase risk of these diseases.According to research Holstein Freezon cow milk has a1 type 60 to 70% Beta Casein and Jersey cow milk has up to 40%.
Exotic cow breed has so much a1 type beta casein that it increases risk of diabetes many times.
a2 milk is 100% nature fresh Desi cow's milk which you may find easier to digest than regular cow's milk.

Do you experience indigestion when you have milk?
Symptoms of indigestion:
1)feeling uncomfortably full or heavy.
3)bringing food back up from your stomach.
5)feeling sick.

For millions of people it may not be lactose intolerance, but they may be reacting to intolerance to a1 protein.

Scientific side
a1 milk releases a peptide called BCM 7(Beta Casein Morphine 7).The peptide is not broken down into amino acid making it impossible to digest and has been associated with a very large number of diseases.Thus BCM 7 is the "Devil in Milk" which is not present in desi cow's milk.

Milk in detail

1)Milk consists of about 80% of water.
2)Remaining 15% is fat,minerals, proteins and sugar lactose.
3)80% protein is Casein and 20% Whey.
4)Beta Casein is 30% of total protein content in cow milk.

Milk Nutrition
Milk is one of the richest food sources of calcium which helps build strong bones and healthy teeth.
According to the Dairy Council, a 200 ml glass of cow milk can provide over half (55%) of a child's daily calcium requirement and over one third (35%) for an adult.

Sooo.., insure life by ensuring you drink Desi cow's milk which has a2 type beta casein protein.

So well said,
Insurance of Life,Desi cow's milk!
Ensure you drink Desi cow's milk if you want to prevent diseases such as diabetes and cancer.

Saturday, May 30, 2015

Wide Area Network or WAN

WAN spans a large geographical area,often a country or continent. The job of the subnet is to carry messages from host to host,just as telephone system carries words from speaker to listener.
    In most wide area n/ws,the subnet consists of 2 distinct components : transmission lines & switching elements.
Transmission lines move bits between machines. They can be made of copper wire,optical fiber or even radio links.
When data arrive on an incoming line,the switching element must choose an outgoing line on which to forward them.
Switching element is also called router.

Next:WAN contn'd 

Habitat and Adaptation in Amphibia continued - Amphibious forms

Amphibious Forms

These are certain amphibians which can live on land and water with same expertise eg.some animals have swimming mode of locomotion in water and jumping habit on land.They use their hind limb for swimming in place of tail fin as in case of aquatic amphibians. Aquatic adaptations found in these Anurans are as follows-
1)Compact boat shaped body.
2)Highly developed powerful muscles in hind limbs for effective swimming strokes.
3)Webbed hind limb digits.
4)Cutaneous respiration.

Next:Burrowing Forms

Friday, May 29, 2015

Google's Teddy Bear will take care of children!

In near future toys will not only be for playing of children, but they will also take care of children.
    Google has patented internet toys Hollice.These toys will control the whole house,they will listen to children while they are talking and thus will perform detective activity on children. These toys in the shape of Teddy Bear will control TV,music system and electricity.

A new Human Species found in Africa

    Remains of a new species of humans have been found in Afar region of Ethiopia in Africa.
   These are 33 to 35 years old.According to research work published in Science Magazine 'Nature' this new species has been named 'Australopithecus deyiremeda'.